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Intshayelelo yeenzuzo kunye nokungonakali kodaka olomileyo lomgubo kunye nodaka olumanzi oluxutyiweyo

1. Izinto eziluncedo kunye nezingeloncedo zodaka olumanzi oluxutyiweyo

Udaka oluxutyiweyo olumanzi ludaka olusele luxutyiwe olulinganisa kwaye luxube imathiriyeli ekrwada efana nesamente, iaggregate ecolekileyo, imixube yeeminerali, imixube, imixube, izongezelelo, iipigments namanzi ngokomlinganiselo othile kwiplanti yokuxuba, emva koko ithuthelwe kwindawo yokwakha isithuthi sothutho esinesixhobo sokuxuba sokusetyenziswa, esifunekayo ukuba sisetyenziswe ngexesha elibekiweyo. Umgangatho uzinzile kwaye ubungakanani bokubonelela bukhulu ngexesha elinye. Emva kokufika kwisiza, udaka lugcinwa kuqala, kwaye ke abasebenzi bokwakha babeka udaka ngesandla kwizinto ezisisiseko. Udaka oluxutyiweyo olumanzi luveliswa kwisityalo sokuxuba ikhonkrithi, esineempawu zokulinganisa ngokuchanekileyo kunye nesantya sokuvelisa ngokukhawuleza. Udaka oluxutyiweyo olumanzi luhlobo lomxube wodaka, kwaye ixesha lokuwusebenzisa lilinganiselwe, ngoko kufuneka lusetyenziswe ngexesha elithile emva kokuveliswa.

Ezi mpawu zodaka olumanzi oluxubileyo lukwabonisa iingenelo kunye nokungalunganga kuphuhliso. Iinzuzo zayo zezi zilandelayo:

(1) Imveliso yoshishino ilungele ukulawula umgangatho kunye nokuqinisekiswa;

(2) Unikezelo olukhulu lwexesha elinye, ngakumbi lulungele ulwakhiwo lwebhulorho yomgangatho wokuhamba ngeenyawo, ulwakhiwo olungangeni manzi kunye nezinye iiprojekthi;

(3) Akukho mfuneko yokuxuba kwisayithi, egcina iindleko zezixhobo zokumisa kunye nezixhobo zokupakisha;

(4) Indawo yokwakha inendawo engqongileyo elungileyo kunye nongcoliseko oluncinci;

(5) Kukho ukhetho olubanzi lwemathiriyeli ekrwada. I-aggregate ingaba yomile okanye imanzi ngaphandle kokumisa, okunciphisa iindleko;

(6) Inokuxutywa kunye nenani elikhulu lenkunkuma yemizi-mveliso efana nomlotha wempukane, ongenakugcina kuphela izixhobo, kodwa nokunciphisa iindleko zodaka.

Ewe kunjalo, ikwanezinto ezininzi ezingalunganga kwimveliso kunye nokusetyenziswa:

(1) Ekubeni ixutywe kakuhle ngabavelisi abaqeqeshiweyo, kufuneka igcinwe kwizikhongozeli ezivaliweyo kwisiza, kwaye umthamo wezothutho wexesha elilodwa mkhulu, omele usetyenziswe ngexesha elincinci, ngoko akunakwenzeka ukulawula ngokuguquguqukayo. ukusetyenziswa ngokwenkqubela phambili yokwakha;

(2) Kukho isixa esikhulu sothutho lwexesha elinye, ngoko ke akunakuphepheka ukuligcina kwizikhongozeli ezivaliweyo kwisiza. Ngokuhamba kwexesha, kuya kuba neemfuno eziphezulu ekusebenzeni, ukubeka ixesha kunye nokuzinza kokusebenza kodaka;

(3) Ixesha lothutho lithintelwe ziimeko zendlela.

2. Izinto eziluncedo kunye nezingeloncedo zodaka oluxutyiweyo olomileyo

Udaka oluxubeneyo olomileyo luhlobo lodaka oluxutyiweyo olusele lulungile, olwenziwe ngezinto ezahlukeneyo ezomileyo ekrwada ngokomlinganiselo othile, ziqwalaselwe ngokuchanekileyo kwaye zixutywe ngumzi-mveliso, zithuthelwe kwindawo yokwakha ngeengxowa okanye isambuku, kwaye zixutywe namanzi okanye amacandelo axhasayo. umlinganiselo ochaziweyo kwindawo yokusetyenziswa. Ngoko ke, xa kuthelekiswa nodaka olumanzi oluxutyiweyo, alukhawulelwanga lixesha lokusetyenziswa kunye nobuninzi, ngoko ke lukhokelo olukhokelayo lokuphuhliswa kodaka oluxutywe olulungile.

Udaka oluxutyiweyo olomileyo luneenzuzo ezininzi:

(1) Ukusebenza kwemveliso kuphezulu. Ngenxa yokuba ithuthwa kwi-silo, ishukunyiswa ngokuzenzekelayo, iphonswe kunye nodaka olufakwe ngoomatshini, impumelelo yayo yokuvelisa ifikelela kwi-500% - 600% yemveli yemveliso yemveli;

(2) Ukuxutywa komatshini wobuchule bokwakha kunokuqinisekisa unyango oluchanekileyo kunye nokwakhiwa kodaka, ukuze kugwenywe ukwenzeka kwamanzi amaninzi okanye amancinci adibanisayo kunye nefomula engalunganga;

(3) Udaka luneentlobo ezininzi, umgangatho obalaseleyo, ukusebenza okuzinzileyo kunye nesicelo esifanelekileyo;

(4) Iinzuzo zoqoqosho udaka olomileyo oluxutyiweyo lunokuhlelwa kwesanti elungileyo kunye nobungakanani bamasuntswana amancinane. Kwisiseko sokuqinisekisa umgangatho, ubukhulu bomdaka bunokuncitshiswa kwaye umthamo wokwakha unokuncitshiswa;

(5) Izibonelelo zentlalo eyomileyo yodaka lwekhonkrithi iye yaqonda inkqubo yolawulo yokuhlanganiswa kwemveliso, ujikelezo kunye nonikezelo, olumele ulwalathiso lwemveliso yemizi-mveliso yezinto ezintsha zokwakha zesamente. Ukongeza, inokusetyenziswa ngokukhawuleza ngamanzi, umsebenzi ulungiswa ngoomatshini, iimeko zokusebenza ezivunyiweyo ziyaphuculwa, kunye nemveliso yabasebenzi iyaphuculwa.

Nangona kunjalo, udaka olomileyo oluxutyiweyo lusenazo ezi zinto zingalunganga zilandelayo:

(1) Utyalo-mali lomgca wokuvelisa udaka olomileyo luninzi kakhulu, kwaye utyalo-mali lwamatanki omninzi kunye nezithuthi zothutho nalo lukhulu;

(2) Ngenxa yokuba izinto eziluhlaza zixutywe ngezinto ezomileyo, kukho iimfuno eziphezulu zomswakama wezinto eziphathekayo, ngoko kukho izithintelo ezithile ekukhethweni kwezinto eziluhlaza;

(3) Umxube wamanzi wesiza uyafuneka ngexesha lokwakhiwa, ngoko ke kukho iimfuno eziphezulu zeteknoloji yobuchwephesha yabasebenzi bokuxuba izinto;

(4) Kwinkqubo yokugcina kunye nokuhanjiswa kwe-pneumatic, kulula ukuvelisa ukuhlukana kwezinto, okubangelwa udaka olungalinganiyo.


Ixesha lokuposa: Oct-29-2021

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